Introduction to the ControlLogix SCL Command
We use the ControlLogix SCL command to SCALE data. This simply means that we convert one range of values to another range of values. For example: We use a pressure transducer to measure pressure. A pressure transducer might convert 0 to 200 psi into a 4 to 20ma signal. The analog input module, then reads this signal, and places a raw value into our controller tag. 4 to 20ma (depending on the type of module) might provide a raw value of 6554 to 32767. This value alone is meaningless to an operator. We will use the SCL command to convert this RAW data back into Engineering units (0 to 200 psi).
In this example, I’ve wired a 4 to 20ma signal to a 1794-IE8 module on Flex. This signal is wired to Channel 0 of slot 2. Here is the raw data (7785). This value will range from 6554 to 32767 as the pressure on our transducer varies between 0 and 200psi.
First, we’ll go to Controller Tags. We’ll create a tag called “Pressure” that will be used to store our result.
Writing the Logic
Since the SCL is a function block command, we need to create a function block routine. To do this, I will right click the “Main Program” and create a new routine. I’ll just call this “Scaling”, and be sure it is the function block type.
Remeber, the Scaling routine is a subroutine. I will add a JSR to the MainRoutine so the subroutine will execute.
Next we’ll open our scaling routine. I’m still offline, but if you are online, you will need to put the routine into edit mode. To our function block, add an IREF, an OREF, and an SCL instruction. I always right click on the graph, and choose “Add Element” to add the instructions. Connect the instructions together as shown.
Notice the IREF and OREF have question marks on them. We need to assign tags to these elements. Our IREF (Input Reference) will be the raw data coming from our analog input. the OREF (Output Reference) is the tag we will place the result into. Just double click the question marks inside of the element to assign the tags.
Set up the Scaling
Next, we need to configure the SCL block. The scale needs four more pieces of information to make it functional: Raw Minimum, Raw Maximum, Scaled Minimum (Engineering Units), and Scaled Maximum (Engineering Units). In other words, we will declare the range of inputs we have, and the range of output that we want to scale to.
Click the configuration button (3 dots) within the SCL block to bring up the configuration screen. In this case, I will declare my variables as follows:
This is all that is required to make the scale work. Another option we have is to check the visibility field, and place the variables as IREFs. This will allow the troubleshooter to see the variables more clearly, minimize the chance of inadvertently changing them:
Download, and go online in Remote Run mode. The SCL commands is converting the raw data into engineering units.
The function block also has a few other features you might consider. Check “Limiting” if you need the output to be limited to the EU Min and Max values. Use the alarm feature (and turn on it’s visibility) to set a tag when the raw input has dropped below the minimum raw input, or above the maximum raw output values.
For other information on ControlLogix, visit the ControlLogix catagory page!
— Ricky Bryce